Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases that can be transmitted through sexual contact. This condition, also known as sexually transmitted infection (STI), can be spread through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with a patient. There are more than 20 types of sexually transmitted diseases, some of which are genital herpes, chlamydia, HIV, gonorrhea, and syphilis. STDs can also infect pregnant women. It can even cause severe medical conditions for their babies, especially during childbirth. Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases vary in women and men. There are even some STD cases where the disease can infect a person without causing symptoms. Common STD symptoms in men and women are:
– Pain or discomfort when having sex or urinating
– Appear sores, lumps, or rashes around the penis – women around the vagina, buttocks, testicles, anus, thighs, or mouth.
– Discharge from abnormal to bleeding from the penis (for men) or vagina (for women).
– The testicles become swollen or painful.
– Itching in the vaginal area and around it.
Apart from the type, several factors cause a person to contract sexually transmitted diseases. Factors that can cause STDs to include:
1. Having more than one sexual partner or having multiple partners. Also, having sex with people who have multiple sexual partners.
3. Do not use condoms when having sex
4. Lend syringes to each other. Usually, afflict a lot of drug users.
5. Share personal items, such as toothbrushes, towels, razors, or clothes to share.
Besides, you must also pay attention to the cleanliness of the places you visit and your body and your partner’s.
If your medical history and symptoms suggest a sexually transmitted disease, your doctor will usually perform laboratory tests to confirm the correct diagnosis and treatment. Examinations to check for these types of STDs generally include:
1. Blood test
Blood tests can confirm the presence of viruses, parasites, or bacteria in the patient’s blood. This blood test can also verify the diagnosis of HIV or advanced syphilis.
2. Urine test
Doctors can confirm several types of sexually transmitted diseases by examining a patient’s urine sample. Actually, not only for STDs but urine tests can also check for other illnesses in the body.
3. Tests of fluid and tissue samples from the genitals
If there are fluid or open sores on the genitals, fluid, or tissue samples from this wound will be taken for further examination under a microscope. The checkup of this fluid sample can also provide accurate results of diseases that the patient may have.
For those who feel uncomfortable going to the hospital, you can use the STD home test to do your home test. Select the STD tool you need, then read the instructions. Furthermore, you can send the sample to the lab or consult a doctor. There are many kinds of STD tools available, and they are easy to use. You no longer have to wait in long lines for tests, and you don’t have to feel uncomfortable when you see a doctor. Infectious diseases are sensitive, especially if the people around you know about them. The test for std from home is a practical way, and you can also prevent the disease from getting worse.